ethics

Can you please send copies of forms 1, 2 and 3 to Hazel by Friday 27th April. Please name the documents ‘yourname_ParticipantInformation.doc’ etc.

The DJCAD ethics guidelines below have been on the MDP blog for a while – so you probably have all read them – worth another read before you finally complete the three forms. Below are Kate’s notes and exemplar forms which you can simply download and edit the text to suit your project.

MDES_AnnotatedEthicsForms_2012 these is Kate’s notes/feedback on the original submissions – here she gives general feedback and tips

FORM 1 MDE_EthicsFormExample_2012 this is an example form that Kate has filled in

FORM 2 MDE_ParticipantInformationSheetExample_2012 this is an example form that Kate has filled in

FORM 3 MDE_ParticipantConsentFormExample_2012

DJCAD Guidelines on Ethics for Masters Students 

  1. The philosophical study of the moral value of human conduct and of the rules and principles that ought to govern it;
  2. a social, religious or civil code of behaviour considered correct.

  Collins English Dictionary (1991) Harper Collins, Glasgow.

In art, media and design disciplines, there has been relatively little awareness of research ethics compared with other subjects such as the sciences and medicine. However, in recent years, there has been a realisation that many aspects of our work need to be considered in relation to ethics. For example, many artists, designers and media artists photograph or film people, often without their knowledge – this can be considered a breach of ethics. You need to therefore consider all your actions carefully and demonstrate integrity, honesty and discipline. You also need to be sensitive to the possibility of blasphemy arising from a piece of work. Ethics should become part of your day to day thinking in everything that you do.

These guidelines aim to help you to identify whether there are any ethical issues that you may need to consider in your work and the procedures that you need to follow. Ethical procedures are designed to protect not only your participants/audience but also you personally – we don’t want you to be subjected to harm by an aggrieved person or to litigation.

Ethical approval can take time therefore it is important that you consider ethics at an early stage in your project. Depending on the extent or type of work that you are undertaking, you may need to reconsider aspects of your studio practice and written work, or even change the emphasis of your project.

Projects which may be particularly tricky when it comes to ethical approval are those which involve children, vulnerable people (e.g. those with disabilities) or any projects related to medical/hospital work. For these types of projects, you will also need to apply for ‘Disclosure’ (see below).

Here are some points that you need to think about:

Respect for Human Dignity and Life: You must always show respect to others, including the rights of animals and other forms of life and ensure that your work does not impact negatively upon the environment.

Respect for Equal Opportunities, Justice and Inclusiveness: You must nor discriminate against any individual person or groups of people on grounds of gender, race, religious beliefs, age etc.

Respect for Freedom of Choice: You need to ensure that any person who takes part in your project does so with full knowledge of the purpose of your project and that they participate willingly. You need written consent from participants (see below)

Respect for Vulnerable People: Any vulnerable people (such as children, certain people who have disabilities), have particular standards to protect them against abuse, exploitation or dicrimination. In addition to applying for ethical approval, you will need to complete a Disclosure form and you may need signed consent from a parent, teacher, guardian etc.

Respect for Privacy and Confidentiality: You need to respect the privacy of people that you involve in your research. If you gather information from people, or if they reveal information in interviews, questionnaires etc. then you need to ensure that this information remains secure and confidential (data protection). You must also ensure that you do not attribute that information to a named person unless you have clear permission to do so, e.g. if someone has told you something in an interview, you cannot repeat this information attributing it to that person without their knowledge.

Avoidance of Harm: You must ensure that your work is carried out to avoid, prevent or minimise harm to others. You therefore need to consider the health and safety (physical and mental) of your colleagues, participants, audience.

Research undertaken in public places: You should pay particular attention to the implications of research undertaken in public places. Researchers must observe the laws of obscenity and public decency.  Those engaged in research/practice should also have due regard to religious and cultural sensitivities. You will need to balance the parameters of academic or artistic freedom and free speech with your responsibilities to the community.

Process

The University of Dundee has a rigorous Ethics Policy and Code of Practice. The University has an Ethics Committee which reviews applications requiring ethical approval. However, for cases which are straightforward (do not involve children, vulnerable adults, hospital work) Duncan of Jordanstone either leaves the decision to you and your tutor or the DJCAD ethics sub-committee will consider and approve applications. If there is any doubt, you will be asked to submit an application to the University Ethics Committee. Please be aware that approval of ethics applications can take a long time. If the application is straightforward, then the application will be approved within two weeks. However, if it is more complex this will take longer, particularly if it is referred to the University Ethics Committee which may take several months to process an application. Here are a few notes to help you:

  1.  Reflect on the work that you are proposing. If you feel that there may be ethical issues to consider, discuss these with your tutor or Programme Leader. If you are proposing to use participants from your class, e.g. to complete a questionnaire, then you do not need to apply for formal ethics approval but you must give any participant the opportunity not to take part or to withdraw at any time.
  1. If the Programme Leader considers that there are ethical issues e.g. the work will involve human participants from outside your class, you should complete the following forms:

a)  Ethics application form

b)  Participant information

c)  Participant  consent form

  1. Questionnaires and interviews: If your project involves using questionnaires or interviews, you need to prepare the questionnaire/ interview questions and seek your tutor/Programme Leader’s approval. You must ensure that there are no questions which may cause offence or be upsetting to participants. You must also ensure that:
  • Participants cannot be identified (i.e. do not ask them to include their name)
  • Participants are aware of how the information will be used and that all data will be confidential.

You will then submit the sample questionnaire/interview questions with the participant information sheet and consent form for signing by your tutor/ Programme Leader.

If your project involves children, medical work/patients or vulnerable adults, then it will be required to be submitted to the University Ethics committee.

  • d (i.e. do not ask them to include their name)
  • Participants are aware of how the information will be used and that all data will be confidential.

You will then submit the sample questionnaire/interview questions with the participant information sheet and consent form for signing by your tutor/ Programme Leader.

If your project involves children, medical work/patients or vulnerable adults, then it will be required to be submitted to the University Ethics committee.

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  1. Pingback: Update Meeting Notes | Realisation and Communication

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